Our Trucks and Services
In our work to create trucks and services that have less impact on the environment we are constantly looking to improve our products and introduce new technologies on the market.
Part of this dedication is evident if you look at our goals to improving fuel efficiency by 1 % annually, lead the development of hybrid technology for heavy transport, work actively for a transition to alternative fuels and creating solutions for increased transport efficiency and reduced emissions of carbon dioxide.
Our Trucks and Services
The diesel engine is today the totally dominating power source in heavy commercial vehicles. The principal reason for the use of this drive technology is its superior efficiency due to combustion under high pressure and at high temperatures.
The maximum efficiency rating of a modern diesel engine – in other words how well it manages to convert the fuel’s energy content into useful work – is about 45 percent, and there is potential for improving this still further. If we compare it with the truck that performed a corresponding haulage assignment back in 1970, we see that fuel consumption has decreased by about 40%. At Volvo Trucks we are however not satisfied with this and are working to improve efficiency by 1% annually.
Volvo Trucks has more than twenty years' experience of hybrid technology. The first hybrid solution for heavy vehicles was presented as far back as 1985. Since then Volvo has led the development and now there are several Volvo FE Hybrids running as refuse trucks in both Sweden and the UK. The current diesel engine in the hybrid also has the potential to be run on renewable biofuel. This makes transport work completely carbon dioxide neutral, which paves the way for sustainable transports.
Cleaner and quieter
The driveline of Volvo Trucks’ Hybrid is a fuel-efficient 7-litre diesel engine along with a powerful electric motor that also functions as a generator. In electric motor mode the truck is completely emissions-free and very quiet. The latest version saves up to 20% fuel compared to a diesel truck on distribution missions.
Saving fuel can be done by using smart fuel management solutions, not only through improvements of the driveline. The combination of fuel efficient vehicles, driver training and fuel management systems play an increasingly important role for many companies and in the struggle to lower the environmental impact of heavy transport.
In order to better use our trucks we offer fuel management services and training for our customers. You can find the specific solutions in your country on the right hand side.
There is no single source of energy that can replace oil. Instead, we are seeing the development of a wide spectrum of fuel alternatives and drive systems that are each suitable for different purposes. Volvo participates actively in this development process and has chosen to focus primarily on those alternatives that meet the toughest standards concerning both high energy efficiency and low environmental impact, all the way from raw material extraction to consumption – a perspective known as the ‘well-to-wheel’ approach.Click here for more information
Emissions from Trucks
When it comes to emissions from road users, there are four main exhaust ingredients that have negative effects on health and the environment: nitrogen oxides, particulates, hydrocarbons and carbon monoxide. Emissions of these substances are strictly regulated in most countries and the limits for what each vehicle may emit are being constantly lowered.
For heavy diesel vehicles, the main focus is on nitrogen oxides and particulates.
The next major emission step is Euro VI in 2013 and it will cut particulates by 50% och NOx by 80% compared with Euro V.
In addition to the discharge of climate-affecting substances and health-affecting substances, transportation also causes other environmental effects, of which noise is one of the more noticeable. Especially in urban areas. Some noise pollution can be eliminated through traffic and urban planning. But since commercial transport in many respects is the life blood of the economy, less noisy vehicles are called for.
How quiet can a truck get?
A hybrid truck is also very quiet.
It is however worth noting that at speeds from 50 km/h, it is the vehicle's tyres that make the noise rather than the driveline. This means that the entire vehicle, including tractor, superstructure, trailer and tyres, must be considered in order to efficiently eliminate noise.
Materials and Recycling
Approximately 85-90% of a Volvo truck is recycled and about one-third (33% by weight) of the materials used in a new truck are derived from recycled material. We are able to do this since for example all plastic components weighing more than 50 grams are labelled to allow for easy identification.
To assure that Volvo trucks can be recycled and re-used we are also renovating used parts, providing dismantling manuals and in some countries we operate dismantling facilities.